When the blood vessels between the rectum and anus get swollen, it results in haemorrhoids, more commonly known as piles. This condition is the direct result of exerting too much pressure on this region. Sometimes, the piles may be external – they may hang out after a bowel movement, and if they get swollen, it can get very painful.
The following are the symptoms of piles:
- Blood in stools
- Painless bleeding from the anus
- Itching and irritation in that region
- Mucus discharge after passing stool
- Heavy feeling even after a bowel movement
Apart from piles surgery itself, there are several other methods to help ease the pain of people suffering from piles. They are tips and remedies that can easily be followed at home. Here’s a guide that can help keep pain at bay:
- Stay hydrated. Drinking enough water and juices will speed up the process of digestion and soften the stool so that it passes out without you having to strain. It prevents constipation and makes bowel movement easier, taking off pressure from the affected area.
- Also include a lot of fibre in your diet, in the form of whole grains, fruits, vegetables, legumes, etc. It makes digestion easier and painless.
- If you feel like going to the toilet, don’t put it off. It will increase pressure and worsen the condition.
- Do not strain while on the toilet, and don’t spend too much time sitting on it. If bowel movement is proving difficult, take a break to drink some water and try again. A good position to get your bowels moving is elevating your feet using a low stool.
- Take care to keep constipation away by eating healthy and making the right dietary choices. Otherwise, it can get difficult to handle piles because they will get aggravated.
- Do pelvic floor exercises as they strengthen the muscles and ligaments which support the pelvic organs.
- Exercise enough, in general. It improves circulation and oils the whole digestive and excretory system mechanism.
- To soothe the affected area, sit in a tub of lukewarm water mixed with Epsom salts, several times a day.
- Use a lubricating agent to gently push back the hanging piles into the rectum.
- Place warm or cold compresses to bring down the pain levels.
The haemorrhoid is bound at the base with a very tight elastic band so that blood supply is cut off. It falls off by itself after about a week.
The haemorrhoid is shrunk by injecting a chemical into it.
These techniques are used to harden the haemorrhoids by coagulating the blood using laser or heat energy.
If the piles eventually do not subside by themselves and if no precaution or home remedy helps, a piles surgery may be required. Haemorrhoidectomy, haemorrhoid stapling, and haemorrhoidal artery ligation is some surgical techniques used to remove or shrink the haemorrhoids.
If you’re unable to manage the pain levels, it is best to consult a doctor. An experienced, well-trained doctor at a reputed organization such as Apollo Spectra will be able to guide you to a speedy recovery.