One of the brain diseases that are very common among the people especially the elderly individuals [evident from the age of 50 or above] is dementia. To say that it is a disease could be wrong, it is a group of symptoms which can further lead to many brain related disorders like:
- Alzheimbrain-related chronic neurodegenerative disease with the most common symptom of short term memory loss).
- Lewy body dementia (worsens with time with symptoms like hallucinations).
- Vascular dementia (a problem with the supply of blood to the brain with the symptom like behavioral change).
- Frontotemporal dementia (changes in social behavior and mood swings due to the involvement of frontal and temporal lobes).
Sometimes it really gets harder for a family member to take care of the patient. There are many people whose job is actually to take care of such individuals.
In order to help a patient suffering from dementia, the following steps can be followed:
- Knowing their interests and their history of dementia.
- Interesting reading material for dementia carers which can help both the patient and caregivers like “Dementia guide for care providers”.
- Making sure that the person is taking medicines on time.
- Maintaining their hygiene as well as day to day functioning like washing, toiletries, etc.
- The diet that the person needs to follow.
- Creating a social life for them.
The symptoms that are observed are:
- The most common symptom of Dementia is in fact forgetfulness. The one who is suffering is sometimes not even able to remember his or her family members.
- From the reduction in social interactions to negligible socials skills later on.
- The decrease in thinking ability resulting in problems in doing daily activities.
- Mood swings and anxiety becomes a common phenomenon.
- Simple tasks such as reading and writing become difficult due to forgetfulness.
The medical diagnosis may require lab and imaging tests. But it is a lifelong disease, and cannot be cured. The treatment can be beneficial to an extent, but a person will always need physical and emotional support.