Dementia: Signs, care and diseases.

One of the brain diseases that are very common among the people especially the elderly individuals [evident from the age of 50 or above] is dementia. To say that it is a disease could be wrong, it is a group of symptoms which can further lead to many brain related disorders like:

  • Alzheimbrain-related chronic neurodegenerative disease with the most common symptom of short term memory loss).
  • Lewy body dementia (worsens with time with symptoms like hallucinations).
  • Vascular dementia (a problem with the supply of blood to the brain with the symptom like behavioral change).
  • Frontotemporal dementia (changes in social behavior and mood swings due to the involvement of frontal and temporal lobes).

Sometimes it really gets harder for a family member to take care of the patient. There are many people whose job is actually to take care of such individuals.

In order to help a patient suffering from dementia, the following steps can be followed:

  • Knowing their interests and their history of dementia.
  • Interesting reading material for dementia carers which can help both the patient and caregivers like “Dementia guide for care providers”.
  • Making sure that the person is taking medicines on time.
  • Maintaining their hygiene as well as day to day functioning like washing, toiletries, etc.
  • The diet that the person needs to follow.
  • Creating a social life for them.

The symptoms that are observed are:

  • The most common symptom of Dementia is in fact forgetfulness. The one who is suffering is sometimes not even able to remember his or her family members.
  • From the reduction in social interactions to negligible socials skills later on.
  • The decrease in thinking ability resulting in problems in doing daily activities.
  • Mood swings and anxiety becomes a common phenomenon.
  • Simple tasks such as reading and writing become difficult due to forgetfulness.

The medical diagnosis may require lab and imaging tests. But it is a lifelong disease, and cannot be cured. The treatment can be beneficial to an extent, but a person will always need physical and emotional support.

About Edward Lovett

Edward Lovett

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