Cancer, as we all know, is an abnormal growth of cells. There are more than 100 types of cancer. But the abnormal cells divide extensively, and it destroys the body tissue. The symptoms of the disease vary depending on the type of cancer.
Colon Cancer is an abnormal growth that begins in the large intestine. This is a final part of the digestive tract, and it is the third most common type of cancer in the United States. The symptoms of this cancer might not be diagnosed until later stages.
What is colon? Not all of us have done biology, or interested in knowing the names of all the different parts of our body. So, let us see what exactly colon is. The colon and the rectum are the final parts of the tube that goes from the mouth to the anus.
It is usually found in people who are above 50 years old. It is more likely to affect people who smoke or obese or people with sedentary lifestyles.
According to the best cancer hospital in Delhi NCR, Colon cancer occurs due to improper diet. The diet that is low in fibre and high in fat calories, red meat, alcohol, and processed meats have a higher risk of colon cancer.
Now, let us see some of the symptoms that might announce a colon cancer.
A change in the bowel movements, including diarrhea or change in the consistency of your stool.
- Rectal bleeding
- Abdominal discomfort like cramps.
- Anemia (iron deficiency)
- Unexplained weight loss
These are some of the external signs that might suggest colon cancer.
As a shared notion and figure of speech, we talk about the stages of cancer. Let us see what these stages mean.
STAGE 0: It is known as carcinoma. In this stage, the abnormal growth hasn’t grown further than the inner layer of the colon.
STAGE 1: cancer grows into the next tissue but not into the next organ.
STAGE 2: In the second stage, cancer spreads to the outside of the colon only.
STAGE 3: In the third stage, cancer begins to spread to the outer layers of the colon and also to the lymph nodes.
STAGE 4: Cancer began at the inside of the colon spreads to distant parts of the body, in phase 4.
Cancer develops slowly. But the stages are not precisely defined. The colon cancer, just like any other cancer, is painful.
Just like cancer in general, some treatments might fight against abnormal growth. These treatments don’t assure complete recovery. They are just hopes. Some of the treatments are:
Colectomy is the removal of the affected part of the colon through surgery. Nearby lymph nodes are also removed. The healthy portion of the colon will be reattached to the rectum or attached to a stoma. It will majorly depend on the extent of the colectomy.
Chemotherapy is a process where administer chemicals interfere with the cell division process by damaging proteins or DNA. This helps in destroying and killing cancer cells. This treatment has various common side effects. They are hair loss, nausea, fatigue, vomiting
High energy gamma rays are used to kill the cancer cells. It is emitted from metals such as radium, or high-energy x-rays which has side effects. They are:
- Mild skin changes resembling sunburn or suntan
- Appetite and Weight Loss
These are some of the side effects of this particular treatment.
Colon cancer is quite a painful and deadly disease. These cancers are, not very often, sometimes hereditary. This can be avoided just as any other illness can be avoided by the following:
- A healthy diet
- Proper sleep pattern
- Maintaining a healthy weight
- Consuming plenty of fruits and vegetables
- Drinking abundant water
Diseases can only be avoided to a certain extent. But, if you do fall ill, then taking care of yourself physically and mentally is very important. Some conditions and treatments have an increased risk of colon cancer.
These include various diseases such as diabetes, acromegaly, a growth hormone disorder, radiation treatment for other cancers, and inflammatory bowel diseases.
These conditions only risk the intensity of the tumor.
It will be better to avoid such situations by making sure to be physically and mentally sound and active.
Are you looking for the hospital to treat Colon Cancer? Visit the best cancer hospital in Delhi-NCR and treat your cancer now.