Thyroid cancer occurs in thyroid cells, which is a butterfly-shaped gland with two lobes connected by a narrow piece of gland located at the base of the neck, just below Adam’s apple. The thyroid usually produces hormones to regulate the heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and weight. It can’t be seen or felt in most people. The prices for thyroid cancer seem to be increasing due to the advancement in the field of healthcare, which enabled the detection of small and otherwise undetectable thyroid cancers. It is not entirely deemed to be fatal as many of it can be cured by efficient treatment.
Thyroid cancer has many causes and symptoms, but most of it is physical changes easily noticeable by anyone. Swelling in the neck and other symptoms are heads-up for consultation and treatment if needed.
Thyroid cancer occurs when the cells in the thyroid undergo rapid mutations, which helps them to multiply at an alarming rate. Unlike healthy cells, these cells lose the ability to die, and hence, these abnormal thyroid cells form a tumour. They can also seize nearby tissues and spread throughout the body. Present below the voice box and above the windpipe could vigorously disturb those systems as well. Therefore, such symptoms would be an incentive for effective detection of thyroid cancer. As mentioned, early diagnosis is the key to removing a tumour. Hence, those at risk of receiving it must be on the lookout for such symptoms to remove it at the earliest.
There are two types of cells in the thyroid, which are follicular cells and C cells. Other types of cells include immune system cells, the lymphocytes, and the supportive or stromal cells. Different types of cancers originate from various cells, and these differences affect how serious the disease is and what kind of treatment is needed.
The main types of thyroid cancers are divided into Differentiated, Medullary and Anaplastic, which is aggressive cancer. Differentiated thyroid cancers are further divided into Papillary, Follicular, and Hürthle; while Medullary thyroid cancers (MTCs) are divided into Sporadic and Familial thyroid cancer. Less common thyroid cancers include Parathyroid cancer.
Thyroid Cancer Symptoms
If any of the given signs or thyroid cancer symptoms are observed, then an immediate consultation should be done since early diagnosis is the key to treat and remove thyroid cancer, effectively. These symptoms can also be caused by non-cancerous conditions or by other cancers in the neck region. Lumps in the thyroid are common and aren’t usually dangerous or fatal. Even so, it can be consulted with a doctor to find out precisely what it could be.
Lump in the Neck
Thyroid nodules may not be big enough to cause an evident change. Some may be able to feel it in front of the neck, while some may be able to handle it with their hands. Others might notice it while swallowing, as it might be irritating and painful to swallow. The most common way to see a thyroid lump or thyroid cancer is by a thyroid test performed by doctors who feel the thyroid region for differences in structure.
Swollen Lymph Nodes
Swelling of the lymph nodes, which are different from thyroid nodules is another symptom of thyroid cancer. Cancer can spread to the lymph nodes, which are present throughout the body to fight infections. The lymph nodes in the neck, present under the jaw, become swollen when there is an infection or a cold. It returns to its standard size once the cold or infection is gone. If the lymph nodes in the neck stay enlarged for more extended periods, without the presence of a cold or disease, it might be an indication of thyroid cancer.
Troubled Breathing or Swallowing
The thyroid being on top of the trachea, the windpipe, means that it would have a direct influence with the breathing pattern. Developing thyroid cancer may put excess pressure on the trachea may make breathing more difficult. The oesophagus present below the trachea would also be affected by growing thyroid cancer, which gives way to troubled and painful swallowing. Having disturbed breathing or swallowing could also be an indication of thyroid cancer.
Hoarseness or other persistent Voice Changes
The larynx, also known as the voice box, is situated just above the thyroid gland. An enlarged thyroid, caused by thyroid nodules could cause immense pressure on the larynx. This may lead to voice modulations, mainly hoarseness in the voice. Significant or persistent changes in the voice could be an indication of thyroid cancer.
Neck and Throat Pain
Pain is usually a signal of various disturbances in the body. In case of persistent pain, the throat or neck region for a long time, consultation is required. This could be a warning of thyroid cancer. Although, depending on this symptom alone would only give vague results. Hence, if there is pain accompanied by other symptoms, It might be due to thyroid cancer itself.
Exposure to high levels of radiation or specific inherited genetic syndromes are some risk factors of getting thyroid cancer. Such risks could be avoided by a few changes in the lifestyle of those people. Quitting smoking and increased alcohol intake, lesser consumption of soy, precaution during x-rays such as thyroid collars, intake of supplements such as Potassium Iodide or Selenium (consult a doctor regarding the dosage) and frequent check-ups could help in preventing thyroid cancer.
The above thyroid cancer symptoms should help you to take the necessary steps to treat your thyroid cancer. In case, you want to treat your thyroid cancer, you can visit a cancer hospital in Noida.